Holding the moderate way
Holding the moderate way is a concept with extremely rich connotation. In the paper, it is used to explain the methods and functions of the movements. As above mentioned, impacted by the thinking of advocating the moderate way, all kinds of culture symbols and cultural phenomena produced in the ancient China all featured in the background of holding the moderate way. It is not listed in the traditional fitness regimen culture, but exercisers should pay more attention to realize the meaning of "holding the moderate way" in the further practice. The routine "Holding One Arm Aloft to Regulate the Functions of the Spleen and Stomach" is the typical movements to regulate the spleen, liver and gallbladder with the idea of holding the moderate way. Its basic principle is that the rising and pressing of upper arm can smooth the meridians in the arms and delay the circulation of Qi and blood in the meridians; in the course of the rise and fall, and open and close, the right and left hands rising and pressing alternately plays the role of guiding the abdominal cavity activities and massaging the spleen and stomach. At the same time, it can also regulate the meridians in both sides of the chest.
Above all, hold the moderate way in the inner of the body. In this routine, the movements combine the static and dynamic, and hardness and softness, the will and Qi are mutually followed, which produce the feeling of holding the moderate way to achieve harmony. First, it is the feeling of holding the moderate way with inner strength. When one palm rises gently and the other palm pressing down, the body should be steady with hands and hold the moderate way with inner strength. Second, it is the feeling of pulling in the moderate way. When one arm revolves outward and inward, and the other arm presses with strength, it should be the feeling of pulling in the moderate way continuously. Third, it is the feeling of stretching in the moderate way. When stretching the body and the lumbar, and looking straight ahead, exercisers should be in a calm state and make the intrinsic muscles still in the stretching state. Fourth, it is the feeling of relaxing in the moderate way. When the center of gravity of the body going down, arms revolving outward, palms falling down in the front of abdomen, palms up, fingers being opposite, as well as looking straight ahead, the body of the exercisers should be in a nature and relaxed state. The limb movements are continuous, and the static state is relatively, and the dynamic and static are mutually transformed, which expresses the harmonious and moderate status combining tightness and relaxation. In addition, it should pay attention to the cooperation of the will and Qi and the cooperation of the movements and the breath. The reverse abdominal breathing method should be taken, lifting the anus and stretching the abdomen, with diaphragm rising up; when drawing back both palms, the body is relaxed with the center of gravity going down, exercisers should cooperate the breath, loose belly and anal, with the diaphragm going down. After entering into the exercising state, the exercisers should calm the mind and concentrate on the key parts of movements. Rising upward and pressing downward is conductive to start the running state of qi and blood of the spleen and stomach meridians.
Secondly, hold the moderate way in the guide. Costal liver gall bladder through the line the site, therefore "regulate stomach rationale single arm lift” This movement is a precondition above all reasonable regulate liver and gallbladder. Why there is a condition of regulating the liver and gall in the front of the movements of "regulating the functions of the spleen and stomach"? It is the profound Chinese culture and essence wonderful place. Simply speaking, it is designed to dredge and guide Qi and blood in the stomach and spleen, and transport them orderly to other functional organs. To regulate the stomach properly, it is very important to drain the liver and gallbladder. From the view of the mutual generation and restriction of the five elements, wood restricts earth. Liver and gall match the wood, stomach and spleen match the earth. Liver and gall will restrict the stomach and spleen. Therefore, if you do not want to the stomach and spleen being restricted by the liver and gall, you need to exercise the stomach and spleen. So, dragging the hands, rising and pressing alternately and stretching the liver meridians and gall bladder meridians can achieve the maintenance of spleen and stomach. At the same time, the movements mainly act on the middle burner. Stretching the body should be flexible and slow. The palms rising and falling alternatively and stretching on the opposite directions can harmoniously pull the inner visceras and muscles of both sides, especially the liver and gallbladder, stomach and other visceras are stretched, thus facilitating the gastrointestinal motility and enhancing the digestion function. The long-standing practice can prevent and cure the diseases of the above mentioned organs.
Finally, hold the moderate way in accordance with its natural tendency. The motion attributes of Health Qigong has endowed the routine "Holding One Arm Aloft to Regulate the Functions of the Spleen and Stomach" with the prerequisites of harmony between man and nature. In the course of doing this routine, left and right hands rising and pressing alternatively, stretching both arms and palms in the opposite way can stretch effectively the abdominal cavity, which is conductive to massage the spleen and stomach. Overall, this routine plays many roles in the origination and transformation of Qi and blood in the spleen and stomach. First, it is to regulate the relationship between the spleen and stomach, in which the stomach taking charge of receiving food, and the spleen taking charge of the transportation and transformation. These two organs complete the digestion and absorption and transport the essence to the whole body, so as to nourish the body. Therefore, the stomach and spleen are called the acquired foundation. Second, it is to regulate the opposite and complementary relationship between the spleen and stomach. The liver governs the ascending, so that the essence of water and grain is dispersed upward; the stomach governs the descending, so that the essence of water and grain is dispersed downward. Therefore, it said that "the ascending spleen Qi is healthy, while the descending stomach Qi is smooth.” The stomach matches the dryness, the spleen matches the dampness; the stomach prefers moist and dislike the dryness, while the spleen prefer the dryness and dislikes the dampness. The coordination of Yin and Yang, and the dampness and dryness contribute to the digestion and transformation course. Third, it is to regulate the interaction of stomach and spleen. Due to the physiological relation between the stomach and spleen, they have interaction effects in the pathology. Dereliction of duty, such as the spleen, clear air does not rise, you can affect the stomach and receiving and drop; conversely, if the diet disloyal, epigastric stagnation, loss and lower stomach, and spleen may affect up clearance and transportation of. All in all, the stomach and spleen are the "acquired foundation". Practicing this routine is the effective method of maintenance the stomach and spleen, and more importantly, it can guide the circulation of Qi and blood.
（By Wang Zhanhe）